Other Academic Opportunities

Secondary Fields

Study Abroad

Citations in a Foreign Language

Advanced Standing

Study at Other Boston-Area Institutions

Teacher Education Programs

Research & Scholarly Integrity

Secondary Fields

Secondary fields provide the opportunity for focused study (four to six courses) outside of the primary area of concentration, but they are entirely optional and are not required for graduation. A secondary field may complement the primary area of study in the concentration, or it may be entirely separate. Unlike a joint concentration, no integrative work between the secondary field and the primary concentration is required. The successful completion of a secondary field will appear on a student’s transcript. No student may receive credit for more than one secondary field.

While secondary fields provide new opportunities for Harvard College students, they also come at a cost. Students who pursue a secondary field will have fewer free electives and may have to give up some advanced work or research opportunities in the concentration. Interested students should discuss the possibilities of work in a secondary field with the relevant adviser in the sponsoring program. They are also encouraged to discuss their plans with the Head Tutor or Director of Undergraduate Studies in their own concentration, with their Resident Dean, or with other academic advisers before embarking on a secondary field program.

Each secondary field program has its own set of requirements, and some programs offer multiple options for a secondary field. A few rules, however, apply to all programs: only one course (4 credits) may count simultaneously towards a secondary field and the concentration; courses taken through cross-registration (if allowed by the secondary field program) will not count towards the College grade point average; and students must adhere to the guidelines and procedures for obtaining credit for study abroad in order to count such courses for a secondary field.

No student may sign up for a secondary field before declaring a concentration. Students are responsible for notifying secondary fields of their interest in the program, for tracking their requirements, for obtaining required signatures, and for submitting all electronic information and signed paperwork to the Office of the Registrar no later than the deadline published in this Handbook.

See Secondary Fields for a list of programs and their requirements. The online tool for tracking requirements and sending electronic information to the Registrar is also available on this site.

Study Abroad

Harvard views study abroad as an invaluable part of every student’s undergraduate education, through encouraging students to explore the possibilities of earning degree credit by studying in another country. Details about term-time study abroad may be found on the Office of International Education (OIE) website.

Options for Study Abroad

Rising sophomores, juniors and seniors may study abroad through direct enrollment in a foreign university, in programs sponsored by U.S. universities, or in programs organized through private study abroad organizations. The OIE maintains a list of approved programs, which is reviewed and updated on a regular basis. If a student finds a program that is not on the approved list, the student must follow the formal petition process for approval.

Getting Started

It is important to begin the study abroad planning process early: first-year students are encouraged to begin thinking about how to incorporate this important part of their Harvard experience into their studies. A student should seek assistance from the Office of International Education as well as their concentration Head Tutor, Director of Undergraduate Studies, and their Resident Dean for more specific information.

Applying to Study Abroad

Each application to study abroad is a two-part application process. Students must apply directly to the foreign school or study abroad program for admission, and to the OIE for transfer credit.

Online application instructions and materials are available on the OIE website. The deadlines for submitting applications are as follows:

  • For Fall Term study: March 1
  • For Spring Term study: October 1
  • For Summer study: Summer Funding, early February;
                                   General, April 1

Students should carefully monitor the OIE website for updated or changed information. 

To be approved for study abroad, a student must be in good academic and disciplinary standing during the term immediately preceding the proposed period of study. Unless granted permission by the Administrative Board in advance, a student cannot be granted degree credit for course work that begins when the student is on probation for any reason.

OIE suggests that students consult the OIE website for detailed guidance on the process for obtaining credit for study abroad, and for links to various electronic resources.

The Harvard College Policy on Undergraduate Travel Abroad clarifies specifics regarding credit and sponsorship for undergraduates wishing to travel internationally. Students can find this policy as well as pre-departure health and safety requirements on the Harvard Global Support Services website.

Students eligible for financial aid must submit a Financial Aid Supplement to the Griffin Financial Aid Office, and consult their designated financial aid officer for more detailed information.

All students earning credit abroad during the academic year will be assessed the student services fee; students will also automatically be billed for health insurance, which may be waived by the deadline with proof of comparable coverage.

Students abroad will maintain their Harvard University Identification Number (HUID) and Personal Identification Number (PIN), and will retain access to Harvard libraries and services.

Students may consult the Office of Career Services, and the Funding Sources Database for more information about summer funding opportunities.

Earning Degree Credit for Study Abroad

Students participating in term-time for-credit study abroad, will reduce by one the number of terms for which they may register at Harvard College.

It is expected that students who study abroad for a semester or academic year will take a full-course-load, as determined and approved by the OIE, and consistent with the College's policies for students studying on campus.

Credits earned abroad are considered transfer credit, for which up to a full year of credit may be earned. No more than 16 credits may be earned per term for term-time study abroad, and no more than 8 credits may be earned per summer for summer study abroad. A maximum total of 32 transfer credits may be earned from studying abroad. Credit earned abroad may transfer in as concentration and/or elective credit and may also contribute to a secondary field or language citation. Additionally, students may take courses to satisfy the Harvard College departmental distribution requirement. Specific information about these options is provided through the Office of Undergraduate Education or by emailing divdist@fas.harvard.edu

Students planning to study abroad in non-English speaking countries are encouraged to complete at least one year of study in the host country’s language before studying abroad. Additionally, students are expected to take either a language instruction course or a course taught entirely in a language of the host country.

Harvard does not ordinarily grant credit for study out of residence at other U.S. institutions, except in rare cases when such study is judged to offer a “special opportunity” unavailable to the student at Harvard. Information on the process for petitioning for credit for study out of residence within the U.S. can be obtained from the student’s Resident Dean; if the student’s petition is approved by the Administrative Board, the OIE will be notified by the appropriate Dean and will instruct the student on how to apply for transfer credit.

Citations in a Foreign Language

Advanced training in a foreign language is a valuable component of a liberal arts education; it allows students to employ another language in cultural exchange, research, and work. To foster such training, many of the “language and literature” and “language and civilization” departments offer programs in which undergraduates may earn a citation in a modern or ancient language. Those languages in which citations are offered and the specific requirements for each are listed below. The award of a foreign language citation will be noted on the transcript at the time degrees are voted, and will be included in the commencement program. Students will also receive printed citations along with their diplomas.

Each language citation program consists of four courses (4 credits per course or equivalent) of language instruction beyond the first-year level and/or courses taught primarily in the foreign language. At least two of these courses must be at the third-year level or beyond. Appropriate courses taken in approved programs of study out of residence for which the student receives Harvard degree credit may be counted toward a citation. Courses that satisfy the requirements for a citation may also be counted toward the distribution requirement, Secondary Field, and/or concentration requirements, as appropriate.

Students must complete all courses to count toward the citation with letter grades of B– or better. Regardless of the level at which a student enters a language program at Harvard, all citations require the completion of four courses (4 credits per course or equivalent) taken at Harvard or counted for Harvard degree credit. Language courses that meet these criteria but are bracketed on the transcript may be counted toward a language citation. Some programs require that courses be taken in a particular sequence; students should consult the relevant language advisers for more information.

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Head Tutor or Director of Undergraduate Studies of the relevant department and file this form with the Registrar no later than the deadline for degree applications in their final term in the College. Students are encouraged to file their intentions to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation as early as the declaration of a concentration so that they may benefit from advising by the department that will provide the recognition. Students will benefit from planning ahead and taking courses in consecutive terms, so as not to lose ground between language courses; this is especially important at the early stages of language study. Students planning their courses around study undertaken while abroad must consult with relevant advisers and obtain pre-approval of all courses they hope to count towards the citation, as such courses must be taken for Harvard degree credit. Those students who later decide not to complete the requirements for a citation in a foreign language are asked to complete a new Plan of Study indicating this fact in order to inform the relevant department and the Registrar.

Concentrators, including joint concentrators, in African and African American Studies, the Classics, East Asian Studies, Germanic Languages and Literatures, Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Romance Languages and Literatures, Slavic Languages and Literatures, or South Asian Studies, whose concentration work is built on a particular language or set of languages, are not also eligible for citations in those languages.

American Sign Language (ASL)

A citation in ASL requires four courses: Ling 73c, Ling 73d, Ling 90a, and Ling 90b. Language courses at or above this level of ASL taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses only after assessment via consultation with the ASL Language Coordinator. 

African Languages (See Gikuyu, Igbo, Swahili, Twi, Yoruba, Zulu)

For all other African languages, please consult the Director of the African Language Program.

Classical Arabic

Four of the following courses: Arabic Ba, 130a, 130b, 140, 141, 160r, 240r, 245r, 248r.

Other courses taught primarily in Arabic or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations concentration.

Modern Standard Arabic

Four of the following courses, including at least two from the third-year or beyond list:

Second-year level: Arabic 110, Bb.

Third-year or beyond: Arabic 131a, 131b, 241a, 241b.

Other courses taught primarily in Arabic or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations concentration.

Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian (BCS)

Four courses beyond the Elementary level (beyond the A-level courses BCS Aa-Ab). Typically the citation consists of two semesters of Intermediate BCS (BCS Ba-Bb) and two semesters of Advanced BCS (BCS Cr).

Courses taken out of residence (language study abroad) for Harvard degree credit or Slavic 91r (if conducted in BCS) may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of the Slavic Language Program or the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Slavic Languages and Literatures concentration. 

Catalan

Consult the Director of Language Programs in Romance Languages and Literatures for information on a citation in Catalan.

Chinese

Four courses beyond the first-year level. Choose courses from the following, of which at least two must be at the third-year level or beyond:

Second-year level: Chinese 120a, 120b, 123xb.

Third-year level or beyond: Chinese 130a, 130b, 130xa, 130xb, 140a, 140b, 140xa, 140xb, 150a, 150b, 163, 166r, 168r, 187.

Chinese Ba, Bb and Bx do not count for a language citation.

Other courses taught primarily in Mandarin Chinese or language courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses only after assessment via a Chinese placement test and with the permission of the East Asian Language Coordinator (eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Chinese must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Language Program Coordinator in EALC (5 Bryant St., Room 205, eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Literary Chinese

Chinese 106a, 106b, 107a, and 107b.

More advanced courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the East Asian Language Coordinator (eal@ fas.harvard.edu).

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Literary Chinese must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Language Program Coordinator in EALC (5 Bryant St., Room 205, eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Czech

Four courses beyond the Elementary level (beyond the A-level courses Czech Aa-Ab). Typically the citation consists of two semesters of Intermediate Czech (Czech Ba-Bb) and two semesters of Advanced Czech (Czech Cr).

Courses taken out of residence (language study abroad) for Harvard degree credit or Slavic 91r (if conducted in Czech) may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of the Slavic Language Program or the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Slavic Languages and Literatures concentration.

Danish

Two courses beyond beginning Danish (Scandinavian 90r.a-c) and two further courses conducted in Danish. These may consist of any tutorial in Danish, Supervised Reading and Research conducted on Danish (Scandinavian 91r), or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit and approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in Scandinavian.

Finnish

Two courses beyond beginning Finnish (Scandinavian 90r.a-c) and two further courses conducted in Finnish. These may consist of any tutorial in Finnish, Supervised Reading and Research conducted on Finnish (Scandinavian 91r), or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit and approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in Scandinavian.

French

Four of the following courses: French 20, 30, 40, 50, or any French course at 60 or above conducted in French.

Other courses taught primarily in French or a maximum of two courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the undergraduate adviser in French or the Director of Language Programs for RLL.

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in French must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Director of Language Programs in Romance Languages and Literatures (Boylston Hall 436, 617-495-2524).

German

Four of the following courses: German 20a, 20b, any 60-level course, 101, 102, or any 100-level or 200-level course conducted in German. German 20ab earns 8 credits.

Other courses taught primarily in German or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies in German.

Gikuyu

The equivalent of four courses selected from among the following: Gikuyu B (a year-long course; 8 credits), Gikuyu 101ar, Gikuyu 101br, or AAAS 90r (if conducted in Gikuyu, with permission from the Director of the Language Program).

Other advanced courses in Gikuyu taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or AAAS 91r (if conducted in Gikuyu) may be substituted for these courses with permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Department of African and African American Studies. In the case of summer study, the course must last six weeks or consist of at least 50 class hours; in addition, students must submit some graded written work done for the course.

Greek

Four courses chosen from the following: Greek 2x, 3, H, K, or any 10-level or 100-level Greek course, including those in Byzantine Greek. At least two of the courses must be 100-level, Greek H, or Greek K.

Other advanced courses or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for one or more of the above with the permission of the Preceptor in Ancient Greek and Classical Latin, Dr. Ivy Livingston (livings@fas.harvard.edu).

Modern Greek

Four courses (or equivalent) chosen from the following: Modern Greek B (a year-long course; 8 credits) or any 100-level course in which the reading is done in Modern Greek.

Other advanced courses or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for one or more of the above with the permission of the Preceptor in Modern Greek, Dr. Calliope Dourou (dourou@fas.harvard.edu).

Classical Hebrew

Four of the following courses: Classical Hebrew 120a, 120b, 130ar, 130br; Hebrew 150a, 150b, 153, 165, 168, 171, 174, 176.

More advanced courses or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations concentration.

Modern Hebrew

Four of the following courses: Modern Hebrew 120a, 120b, 130r, 131r, or Near Eastern Civilizations 91r if focused on contemporary Israeli literature and culture and conducted in modern Hebrew at the third-year level or beyond.

Courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for two of these four courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations concentration.

Hindi-Urdu

The equivalent of four terms selected from among the following: Hindi-Urdu 102 (a full course), 103a, 103b, 104, 105r, 106.

Courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or other advanced courses may be substituted with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for South Asian Studies

Icelandic

Two courses beyond beginning Icelandic (Scandinavian 90r.a-c) and two further courses conducted in Icelandic. These may consist of any tutorial in Icelandic, Supervised Reading and Research conducted on Icelandic (Scandinavian 91r), or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit and approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in Scandinavian.

Igbo

Four terms of AAAS 90r (conducted in Igbo), beyond the first year of language study. Two courses must be at the third-year level or beyond.

Other advanced Igbo courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or AAAS 91r (if conducted in Igbo) may be substituted for these courses with permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Department of African and African American Studies. In the case of summer study, the course must last six weeks or consist of at least 50 class hours; in addition, students must submit some graded written work done for the course.

Italian

Four of the following courses: Italian 20, 30, 40, 50, or any Italian course at 60 or above conducted in Italian.

Other courses taught primarily in Italian or a maximum of two courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the undergraduate adviser in Italian or the Director of Language Programs for RLL.

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Italian must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Director of Language Programs in Romance Languages and Literatures (Boylston Hall 436, 617-495-2524).

Japanese

Four courses from the following: Japanese 120a, 120b, 130a, 130b, 140a, 140b, 150a, 150b.

Language courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses only after assessment via a Japanese placement test and with the permission of the East Asian Language Coordinator (eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Japanese must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Language Program Coordinator in EALC (5 Bryant St., Room 205, eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Korean

Four courses from the following: Korean 120a, 120b, 123xb,130a, 130b, 140a, 140b, 150a, 150b.

Language courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses only after assessment via a Korean placement test and with the permission of the East Asian Language Coordinator (eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Korean must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Language Program Coordinator in EALC (5 Bryant St., Room 205, eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Latin

Four courses chosen from the following: Latin 2x, 3, H, K, or any 10-level or 100-level Latin course, including those in Medieval Latin. At least two of the courses must be 100-level, Latin H, or Latin K.

Other advanced courses or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for one or more of the above courses with the permission of the  Preceptor in Ancient Greek and Classical Latin, Dr. Ivy Livingston (livings@fas.harvard.edu).

Norwegian

Two courses beyond beginning Norwegian (Scandinavian 90r.a-c) and two further courses conducted in Norwegian. These may consist of any tutorial in Norwegian, Supervised Reading and Research conducted on Norwegian (Scandinavian 91r), or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit and approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in Scandinavian.

Persian

Persian 120a, 120b, 140ar, 140br.

More advanced courses or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations concentration.

Polish

Four courses beyond the Elementary level (beyond the A-level courses Polish Aa-Ab). Typically the citation consists of two semesters of Intermediate Polish (Polish Ba-Bb) and two semesters of Advanced Polish (Polish Cr).

Courses taken out of residence (language study abroad) for Harvard degree credit or Slavic 91r (if conducted in Polish) may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of the Slavic Language Program or the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Slavic Languages and Literatures concentration.

Portuguese

Four of the following courses: Portuguese 20, 30, 40, 50, or any Portuguese course at 60 or above conducted in Portuguese.

Other courses taught primarily in Portuguese or a maximum of two courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the undergraduate adviser in Portuguese or the Director of Language Programs for RLL.

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Portuguese must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Director of Language Programs in Romance Languages and Literatures (Boylston Hall 436, 617-495-2524).

Russian

Four courses beyond the Polish A-level courses selected from among the following: Russian Ba-Bb, Russian Bta-Btb, or Russian Bab (the equivalent of two semesters), Russian 101, Russian 103, Russian 102, or any advanced Russian language courses (Russian 111, 112, 113, 114, 115).

Other courses taken out of residence (language study abroad) for Harvard degree credit or Slavic 91r (if conducted in Russian) may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of the Slavic Language Program or the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Slavic Languages and Literatures concentration.

Sanskrit

Sanskrit 102ar, 102br, and any two courses in Sanskrit beyond 102br.

Courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or Sanskrit 91r may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for South Asian Studies.

Slavic Languages

See Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian (BCS), Czech, Polish, Russian, and Ukrainian.

For information about studying other Slavic languages, please speak with the Director of the Slavic Language Program or the Director of Undergraduate Studies.

Spanish

Four of the following courses: Spanish 20, 30, 40, 50, or any Spanish course at 60 or above conducted in Spanish.

Other courses taught primarily in Spanish or a maximum of two courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the undergraduate adviser in Spanish or the Director of Language Programs in RLL.

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Spanish must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Director of Language Programs in Romance Languages and Literatures (Boylston Hall 436, 617-495-2524).

Swahili

The equivalent of four terms selected from among the following: Swahili B (a year-long course; 8 credits), Swahili 101ar, Swahili 101br, or AAAS 90r (if conducted in Swahili, with permission from the Director of the Language Program).

Other advanced courses in Swahili taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or AAAS 91r (if conducted in Swahili) may be substituted for these courses with permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Department of African and African American Studies. In the case of summer study, the course must last six weeks or consist of at least 50 class hours; in addition, students must submit some graded written work done for the course.

Swedish

Four courses beyond the first-year level, including Swedish 20 and two courses in Swedish language and culture at the third-year level or above. These may consist of any tutorial or 100-level course conducted in Swedish, Supervised Reading and Research courses conducted in Swedish (Scandinavian 91r), or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit and approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies in Scandinavian.

Tamil

Tamil 102a, 102b, and any two courses beyond 102b.

Courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or other advanced courses may be substituted with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for South Asian Studies.

Classical Tibetan

Tibetan 102a, 102b, and any two 200-level courses in Tibetan.

Courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or other advanced courses may be substituted with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for South Asian Studies.

Turkish

Four of the following courses: Turkish 120a, 120b, 130a, 130b, 149.

More advanced courses or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations concentration.

Twi

The equivalent of four terms selected from among the following: Twi B (a year-long course; 8 credits), Twi 101ar, Twi 101br, or AAAS 90r (if conducted in Twi, with permission from the Director of the Language Program).

Other advanced courses in Twi taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or AAAS 91r (if conducted in Twi) may be substituted for these courses with permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Department of African and African American Studies. In the case of summer study, the course must last six weeks or consist of at least 50 class hours; in addition, students must submit some graded written work done for the course.

Ukrainian

Four courses beyond the Elementary level (beyond the A-level courses Ukrainian Aa-Ab). Typically the citation consists of two semesters of Intermediate Ukrainian (Ukrainian Ba-Bb) and two semesters of Advanced Ukrainian (Ukrainian Cr).

Courses taken out of residence (language study abroad) for Harvard degree credit or Slavic 91r (if conducted in Ukrainian) may be substituted for these courses with the permission of the Director of the Slavic Language Program or the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Slavic Languages and Literatures concentration.

Urdu (see Hindi-Urdu)

Vietnamese

Four courses from the following: Vietnamese 120a, 120b, 130a, 130b, 140, and 140b.

Language courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for these courses only after assessment via a Vietnamese placement test and with the permission of the East Asian Language Coordinator (eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Students who plan to satisfy the requirements for a foreign language citation in Vietnamese must complete a Foreign Language Citation Study Plan with the Language Program Coordinator in EALC (5 Bryant St., Room 205, eal@fas.harvard.edu).

Yiddish

The equivalent of four terms selected from among the following: Yiddish B, Ca, Cb, 102r, 103r, 105, 200r, 202r, 204.

Other courses taught primarily in Yiddish or courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit may be substituted for the above courses with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations concentration.

Yoruba

The equivalent of four terms selected from among the following: Yoruba B (a year-long course; 8 credits), Yoruba 101ar, Yoruba 101br, or AAAS 90r (if conducted in Yoruba, with permission from the Director of the Language Program).

Other advanced courses in Yoruba taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or AAAS 91r (if conducted in Yoruba) may be substituted for these courses with permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Department of African and African American Studies. In the case of summer study, the course must last six weeks or consist of at least 50 class hours; in addition, students must submit some graded written work done for the course.

Zulu

Four terms of AAAS 90r (conducted in Zulu), beyond the first year of language study. Two courses must be at the third-year level or beyond.

Other advanced Zulu courses taken out of residence for Harvard degree credit or AAAS 91r (if conducted in Zulu) may be substituted for these courses with permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Department of African and African American Studies. In the case of summer study, the course must last six weeks or consist of at least 50 class hours; in addition, students must submit some graded written work done for the course.

Advanced Standing

Beginning with the Class of 2024, the option of Advanced Standing will no longer be offered. As an alternative, students will have the opportunity to apply to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences for a master’s degree pursued concurrently with the bachelor’s degree. Full information concerning Advanced Standing is found on the website for the Office of Undergraduate Education. Questions about the program should be addressed to the Resident Dean or the Advanced Standing adviser in the Office of Undergraduate Education.

Advanced Placement

Students who are eligible for Advanced Standing using Advanced Placement Examination or International Baccalaureate scores, should be mindful that in the case of a few of the exams our faculty have determined that the material covered by the exam overlaps with content taught in a corresponding course at Harvard. The AP or IB course and Harvard course are deemed to be “equivalent” in the context of Advanced Standing, and the College will not give a student credit for both the exam and the equivalent course if the student were to activate Advanced Standing using that score. Not all AP or IB exams have equivalent courses at Harvard, but students considering Advanced Standing should be aware of this possibility and consult their placement and score records in my.harvard and the Advanced Standing section of the website for the Office of Undergraduate Education.

College Board Advanced Placement exams can be helpful indicators for level placement in certain subjects. Students are encouraged to send their scores to Harvard College through the Registrar’s Office. In most instances, students will be expected to take placement exams even in subjects in which they may have taken an AP exam. The placement exam score and AP score are often considered together in the determination of placement recommendations.

Advanced Standing

New students, excepting all those admitted as transfer students, through the Class of 2023, will be eligible for Advanced Standing if they have received credit toward Advanced Standing at Harvard by receiving qualifying scores on the College Board Advanced Placement examinations, International Baccalaureate examinations, or certain international examinations. Consult the Office of Undergraduate Education and the Advanced Standing adviser for details. A small number of Harvard departmental exams may be used in combination with AP exam scores to meet Advanced Standing criteria; consult the Office of Undergraduate Education website.

Advanced Standing is designed for students through the Class of 2023 who wish to accelerate their study and for those ready to undertake specialized work early. An eligible student who wishes to use Advanced Standing to graduate after only six or seven terms in the College or, if accepted, remain a fourth year to pursue one of several specific master’s degree programs, must activate Advanced Standing by the advertised deadline for degree applications during the third term before the student intends to complete the undergraduate requirements (consult this webpage, and Academic Calendar for details). Students may not activate Advanced Standing until they have declared a concentration.

Students eligible for Advanced Standing who are considering pursuing the AB/AM degree program may, with the permission of the Administrative Board, bracket certain courses in their second, third, or fourth year. Bracketed courses are not counted toward the bachelor’s degree, GPA calculations, or honors recommendations, but count toward the master’s degree. (Bracketed courses are so called because they appear in brackets on the transcript.) The last date for bracketing courses is the fifth Monday of the term in which the course is being taken. Petitions to retroactively bracket courses may be considered by the Administrative Board from candidates admitted for the AM or SM degree as part of the AB/AM program. If a student does not enroll in the AB/AM program, or does not complete the AB/AM program, any courses that the student may have bracketed earlier will be automatically unbracketed.

For specific information on the number of letter-graded courses and the total credit requirements for the degree required of Advanced Standing students, see Credit Requirements for the Degree.

Concurrent Master's Degree

Beginning with the Class of 2022, students will have the opportunity to apply to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences for a master’s degree pursued concurrently with the bachelor’s degree. As part of the concurrent degree program, students will be allowed to double-count up to sixteen credits for the Bachelor of Arts and either the Master of Arts or the Master of Science. An undergraduate pursuing the concurrent degree will complete both of these degrees by the end of eight terms of residency, or the equivalent. Students wishing to pursue this option may consult the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences for a list of approved programs.

Students admitted to the College prior to 2020 and who were eligible for advanced standing will be allowed to apply for and pursue the fourth-year master’s degree in accordance with the rules for advanced standing that were in place when the students matriculated. Uniquely qualified students who will be juniors in the College before the fall of 2020 and who are not eligible for advanced standing, may petition the Office of Undergraduate Education for an exception allowing them to apply to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences for a concurrent master’s degree.

Foreign Credentials

Students presenting foreign credentials (e.g., British A levels, French Baccalauréat, Swiss Maturité scores) may be eligible for Advanced Standing upon evaluation of individual credentials. Students who have earned the International Baccalaureate diploma with scores of 7 on three Higher Level examinations may also qualify. For further information, please consult the Advanced Standing adviser in the Office of Undergraduate Education.

Study at Other Boston-Area Institutions

From time to time, students with strong academic plans wish to incorporate in those plans one or more courses at a local college or university with which Harvard does not have a cross-registration agreement, while continuing to be enrolled and take courses in the College. (The Faculty of Arts and Sciences has cross-registration agreements with the other Harvard Faculties and with MIT; see Cross-Registration.) With the exception of students who may be enrolled in one of the double degree (AB/MM) programs supported by the College (between the College and New England Conservatory or between the College and Berklee College of Music), Harvard undergraduates wishing to earn Harvard degree credit during a given term, up to 8 credits that are not available at Harvard, must demonstrate that these courses will contribute to a compelling academic plan tied to their concentration. This plan must be endorsed by the student's Head Tutor or Director of Undergraduate Studies, and then the student may petition the Administrative Board by the appropriate deadline for the term in which the student wishes to include courses elsewhere in their plans of study. Harvard College students who are enrolled in Harvard's double degree (AB/MM) program with New England Conservatory or Berklee College of Music may petition the Administrative Board by the appropriate deadline in order to be allowed to take up to 8 credits in a given term at New England Conservatory or Berklee College of Music. Double degree students must demonstrate that the course will contribute to a compelling academic plan tied to their work in the double degree program and that the course is not offered at Harvard. The student's plan must be endorsed by the adviser to the double degree program in Harvard's Department of Music.

It is each student’s responsibility to gain admission to and pay for the instruction at the other institution and to present a transcript from the other institution for the work completed at the end of the term, following the usual procedures for study out of residence. Harvard tuition is reduced for these students on a per-course basis for each course taken elsewhere for Harvard degree credit, and those students eligible for financial aid may apply their aid to the costs of studying at the other institution. Provided that their combined program at Harvard and the other institution adds up to a full load, students may continue in College housing subject to the ordinary eligibility rules. All other administrative procedures and limitations on the overall amount of credit a student may earn out of residence follow the policies for full-time study out of residence (see Procedures for Earning Degree Credit for Study Abroad). For more information, students should consult their Resident Dean.

The Undergraduate Teacher Education Program

The Undergraduate Teacher Education Program (UTEP) is a four-course sequence (16 credits) that permits a student to obtain a license (or “certificate”) to teach in middle and/or secondary public schools in Massachusetts and the 40+ states with which Massachusetts has reciprocity. UTEP is not a concentration in itself but meant to complement a concentration.

Participation in the program requires approval of the UTEP admissions committee, which considers applications from students as early as the spring term in their sophomore year, or as late as the fall term in their senior year. The admissions process includes an interview and submission of an application, academic records, recommendations, a résumé, and a Plan of Study. Students should have a B– or higher cumulative grade point average when they apply, and should also have some experience working with youth (e.g., as a camp counselor, tutor, coach).

To be eligible for licensure through UTEP, students must fulfill the following requirements:

Three Perspectives Courses: One course addressing psychological perspectives on human development; one course addressing educational perspectives on schools, curricula, and teachers; and one course focused on planning curricula in the subject for which the student is seeking a license. A list of eligible courses is available in the Teacher Education Program Office, Longfellow Hall, Room 310A, Graduate School of Education, or on the UTEP website.

Field Work (pre-practicum): One term of weekly classroom observations (six hours per week; 78 hours total) in an approved public school setting.

Student Teaching (practicum): 360 hours of supervised student teaching. This experience counts as one 4 credit course and must be taken at the Graduate School of Education after satisfying the pre-practicum fieldwork requirements.

Subject Matter Background: All UTEP candidates must have content expertise in an academic field taught in middle or secondary schools. UTEP offers preparation to teach biology, chemistry, earth science, English, general science (middle school only), history, mathematics, physics, and political science/political philosophy (social studies).

Ideally, all UTEP courses and field work should be completed within the junior and/or senior year. Students enrolled in the Undergraduate Teacher Education Program (UTEP) may receive credit for summer courses taken in the Graduate School of Education in order to satisfy UTEP program requirements. Students may also apply for special-student status in the Harvard Graduate School of Education to complete the student teaching and curricular planning requirements in the first term after graduation. This is known as the Term-After Option. UTEP is also piloting another option for completing the program requirements. This would require students to spend a summer student teaching at the Cambridge-Harvard Summer Academy, along with relevant coursework at the Graduate School of Education. This would be followed, in the fall semester, by the practicum, teaching methods course, and the course on educational perspectives. This allows undergraduates to complete the UTEP requirements with as little disruption as possible to their college coursework.

Interested students are encouraged to inquire about the program at any time. Questions should be directed to the UTEP Director, who is responsible for advising program participants. For further information, please contact the Undergraduate Teacher Education Program Office at the Graduate School of Education, Longfellow Hall, Room 310A, 617-495-2783, or visit the UTEP website.

Harvard Teacher Fellows Program

Harvard College seniors and alumni are eligible to apply to the Harvard Teacher Fellows (HTF) program at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. HTF is a fellowship that offers a fully funded teacher licensure pathway, a year-long teaching placement, and the option to earn an Ed.M. from HGSE. Seniors apply to the program during the fall term of their senior year; admitted applicants begin coursework during the subsequent spring term by enrolling in T200: Introduction to Teaching and Learning. T200 is offered through cross-registration at HGSE and earns 4 undergraduate credits; it is a pre-requisite for the HTF program and does not count toward the Ed.M. degree. For more information visit the HTF webpage.

Human Subjects Research

Harvard University policy and federal regulations require that all research involving human subjects that meets the federal regulatory definition of human subjects research be reviewed and approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) before the research begins. This requirement applies to all human subjects research meeting the federal definition conducted by faculty, staff and students, on- and off-campus, regardless of funding. The IRB for Harvard University-Area researchers is the Committee on the Use of Human Subjects (CUHS).  

The purpose of the IRB is to weigh risks and benefits of participation in research and to protect the rights and welfare of the research participants. The guiding ethical principles of the IRB - respect for persons, beneficence and justice - are embodied in the "Belmont Report": Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research. 

Applications to the IRB must be submitted through the Electronic Submission, Tracking and Reporting system (ESTR). Please consult the CUHS website or contact CUHS at 617-496-2847 or cuhs@harvard.edu to find out more information about: 

  • The types of research that require IRB review;
  • The process for submitting applications;
  • The training required for investigators and their Faculty Sponsors; 
  • Appropriate forms, templates and guidance documents;
  • And, the special process and training program for undergraduate research (http://cuhs.harvard.edu/urtp-portal).

Research and Teaching Involving Animal Subjects

Research Administration Services 

Office of the Vice Provost for Research

The use of live animals in research and teaching is a societal and individual privilege that is taken seriously at Harvard and is a highly regulated activity. University policies and local, state, and federal government regulations require advance review and approval of all vertebrate animal and cephalopod research prior to its commencement. The Faculty of Arts and Sciences’ federally mandated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) is responsible for reviewing and approving proposed studies.

IACUC administrative services are provided by staff in the FAS Research Administration Services (RAS) office. All individuals using vertebrate animals or cephalopods in research and/or teaching must participate in the institution’s occupational health program, complete assigned training courses, and attend new researcher orientation that provides an overview of Harvard policies and applicable local, state, and federal regulations regarding the use of animals.

The Office of Animal Resources (OAR) is the unit responsible for the housing, daily care and health of vertebrate animals used on campus in the FAS. All mammals and other select vertebrates housed in OAR-managed facilities must be ordered through the OAR’s Animal Ordering system; questions regarding orders may be sent to animalorders@fas.harvard.edu.

Any concerns or questions about the care and use of laboratory animals should be directed promptly to any of the following contacts listed below. In accordance with the University’s Whistleblower Policy, the University will protect from retaliation members of the Harvard community who make good faith reports of suspected violations of law or University policy. The University’s Compliance Hotline is a resource for members of the Harvard community who are uncomfortable reporting through the recommended contacts and prefer to anonymously report any suspected violations of law or Harvard policy.

  • Craig P. Hunter, PhD, Professor of Molecular and Cellular Biology, IACUC Chair: (617) 495-8309, craig_hunter@harvard.edu
  • Leslie A. Kirwan, Dean for Administration and Finance of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Institutional Official of the IACUC: (617) 496-8729, leslie_kirwan@harvard.edu
  • Kathleen Pritchett-Corning, DVM, Attending Veterinarian and Interim Director of the Office of Animal Resources: (617) 384-6642, pritchettcorning@fas.harvard.edu
  • Denise M. Moody, Senior Director of Research Compliance: (617) 496-3090, denisemoody@fas.harvard.edu
  • IACUC administrative office: iacuc@fas.harvard.edu
  • Compliance Hotline: 877-694-2275 FREE